An analysis of the contemporary delinquency theories

This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves.

Sociological theories of delinquency confront new as well as continuing questions in the new century.


These problems are largely inherited from the classical theoretical traditions. It is part of Interactionism criminology that states that once young people have been labeled as criminal they are more likely to offend.

Post-colonial theory is a post-modern approach that consists of the reactions to and the analysis of colonialism. A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e.

The retreatist subculture includes adolescents who fail in their efforts in both the legitimate and illegitimate opportunity structures.

Because the development of delinquency in youth is influenced by numerous factors, prevention efforts need to be comprehensive in scope.

The question structural-functional theories try to answer is: In essence, phenomenology is the belief that society is a human construction. A Theory of Legal Bureaucracy. If a child is raised in a clean community that has strong morals and if that child has positive role models at home and in the community, he An analysis of the contemporary delinquency theories she is more likely to grow up achieving her goals.

At root, Vold argues, the problem is one of intergenerational value conflict, with adults prevailing through their control of the legal process. According to Cloward and Ohlin, this subculture can emerge only when there is some coordination between those in legitimate and in illegitimate roles—for example, between politicians or police and the underworld.

While childhood behavior has a lot to do with a poor environment, disrupted socialization or inadequate parenting the biosocial theory presents the fact that we must also take into consideration their genes, because that is what ultimately makes everyone unique and makes all individuals react to their environment differently.

Power-control theory is another recent structural formulation Hagan that attempts to explain large and persistent gender differences in delinquency by taking power relations into account. When legitimate and illegitimate opportunity structures are linked in this way, the streets become safe for crime, and reliable upward-mobility routes can emerge for aspiring criminals.


The point is that not only the actor but also reactors participate in creating the meanings and definitions that generate-delinquency. Bourdieu puts this problem rather succinctly: For example, conflict theories have focused on the role of dominant societal groups in imposing legal labels on members of subordinate societal groups Turk Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture.

Sociological theory

Theoretical work of this kind coincided with important research on the policing of juveniles e. Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means.

Much of the work in this area seeks to explain why officially recorded delinquency is concentrated in the lower class, or in what is today more often called the underclass.

It has been clear by now what Juvenile Delinquency is and how it affects society. For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized. Once the juvenile continues to exhibit the same behavioral patterns and turns eighteen he is then at risk of being diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and much more prone to become a serious criminal offender.

The utilitarian perspective in sociology was, most notably, revitalized in the late 20th century by the work of former ASA president James Coleman.

As argued by Josh Whitfordrational actors are assumed to have four basic elements, the individual has 1 "a knowledge of alternatives," 2 "a knowledge of, or beliefs about the consequences of the various alternatives," 3 "an ordering of preferences over outcomes," 4 "A decision rule, to select amongst the possible alternatives".

Classical theoretical traditions[ edit ] The contemporary discipline of sociology is theoretically multi-paradigmatic. It is currently the de facto dominant approach to sociological theory construction, especially in the United States.

Sociological theory attempts to answer the following three questions: A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place.

Mawson, University of Keele, UK, notes.Sociological Theories of Crime and Delinquency Shaw and McKay,and Sutherlandand,respectively,thetheoriesof ecological analysis, culturaltransmission, and differentialassociation theory reflected in Much of contemporary sociological theory, especially the theoretical expla.

juvenile delinquency, theories of The topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory.

Three major sociological traditions, including structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory, contribute to the explanation of delinquency.

Juvenile Delinquency Theories “Once a criminal, always a criminal”, this is a famous saying that is common to the American household and which most finds to be true.

Once an individual associates him or herself with criminal behavior they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend. PUBLICATIONS. Stay Informed This overview of psychological perspectives on delinquency profiles psychoanalytic theories of delinquency, personality-disorder theories of delinquency, and psychiatrictheories of delinquency.

Abstract. Juvenile Delinquency Theories weaknesses of one or more criminological theories for explaining crime in contemporary Britain Word count:1, Outline plan * Explain in brief the purpose of this essay.

Juvenile delinquency

* Define the biological theory. juvenile delinquency analysis Essay. This paper provides an overview and analysis of contemporary theories of juvenile delinquency. Because the newer integrative theories build on established theories, the main part of the analysis consists of a review of major simple (i.e., single-factor) theories of juvenile delinquency as they were established historically and through the late.

An analysis of the contemporary delinquency theories
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